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Videos uploaded by user “Tom Scott”
If Educational Videos Were Filmed Like Music Videos
 
03:05
There's a reason music videos look strange. I could just talk about framerate, cuts and continuity... or I could get an actual music video director. And a leaf blower. Directed by: Sammy Paul https://twitter.com/icoepr Produced by: Cambria Bailey-Jones https://twitter.com/cambriabailey Guy Larsen https://twitter.com/thisisguido Director of Photography: Ciaran O'Brien https://twitter.com/ciaranobrien Featuring: dodie https://youtube.com/doddleoddle Dancers: Deepraj Singh Annie Fox Leanne Vincent Liam Wallace Production Design: Guy Larsen Gaffer: Christine Alexander Camera Assistant: Rachel Hutchings Editor: Sammy Paul Colour grade: Ciaran O'Brien Runner: Jenna Bailey-Jones Extras: Michelle Martin Gianluca Suppa Xina Jailey Special thanks to: Grant Stevens Bob Stevens Jenny Stevens Matt Parker Maths Gear http://www.mathsgear.co.uk YouTube Space London and the team A Penny4 Production https://www.penny4.co.uk/ Maths Gear didn't actually pay for product placement in this video. The dice were surprisingly painful. I'm at http://tomscott.com on Twitter at http://twitter.com/tomscott on Facebook at http://facebook.com/tomscott and on Instagram as tomscottgo
Views: 1497281 Tom Scott
Welcome to Life: the singularity, ruined by lawyers
 
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http://tomscott.com - Or: what you see when you die. If you liked this, you may also enjoy two novels that provided inspiration for it: Jim Munroe's Everyone in Silico, where I first found the idea of a corporate-sponsored afterlife; and Rudy Rucker's trippy Postsingular, which introduced me to the horrifying idea of consciousness slums.
Views: 2624855 Tom Scott
The Grave of the Man Who Never Was: Operation Mincemeat
 
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In a cemetery in Huelva, in Spain, is the grave of Major William Martin, of the British Royal Marines. Or rather, it's the grave of a man called Glyndwr Michael, who served his country during World War 2 in a very unexpected way... after his death. Camera by Paul Curry (@cr3) I'm at http://tomscott.com on Facebook at http://facebook.com/tomscott on Twitter at http://twitter.com/tomscott and on Snapchat and Instagram as tomscottgo This video was researched at the National Archives, using files WO 106/5921, CAB 154/67 and CAB 154/112. The documents and pictures you see here are either expired Crown Copyright, or are public sector information licensed under the Open Government Licence v3.0: http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/doc/open-government-licence/version/3/
Views: 752781 Tom Scott
Paternoster Lifts: Dangerous, Obsolete and Quite Fun (including over the top!)
 
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http://tomscott.com - http://twitter.com/tomscott - There aren't many paternoster lifts left in the world: they're inaccessible, tough to maintain and a bit more dangerous than a regular lift. But some of them still exist: so if you're ever nearby, do stop by the University of Sheffield's Arts Tower and have a ride up and down. Just don't go over the top. Thanks to Chris Dymond, who was my camera operator for this trip to Sheffield!
Views: 939545 Tom Scott
Do The Numbers On Toaster Dials Mean Minutes?
 
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http://tomscott.com - http://twitter.com/tomscott - There's been a "Life Pro Tip" going around the internet lately saying that the numbers on toaster dials are actually minutes. I was so sure it was false. Oh, I was so sure. I got four toasters set to "2", and I had one take to film it all in a back room at my office. This is that one take. Thanks to Dan W (@iamdanw) on camera and Jonty (@jonty) on toaster-wrangling! UPDATE: Dominic points out in the comments that modern toasters may not use bi-metallic strips: "the 'old/basic' way of doing this. What happens in more modern toasters is a capacitor is charged through a variable resistor. Once a specific voltage is reached in the capacitor it cuts off. The knob controls the variable resistor charging the capacitor." Thanks!
Views: 1828803 Tom Scott
The Disaster That Changed Engineering: The Hyatt Regency Collapse
 
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Today's guest video is from Grady at Practical Engineering! Go subscribe: https://www.youtube.com/user/gradyhillhouse The Hyatt Regency Hotel collapse was a disaster that changed engineering: it's taught in colleges and universities as a way to make it clear: you check and double-check everything. Something that seems like a subtle change can cause a catastrophic failure if it's not thoroughly checked first!
Views: 1063584 Tom Scott
How The Rosetta Stone Unlocked Hieroglyphics
 
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Thanks to the British Museum! Go help choose their first YouTube series: https://youtu.be/luXVd6M-wQM The Rosetta Stone is one of the most famous archaeological finds in history: and it was the key to cracking Egyptian hieroglyphics. And while it took scholars years to work it out, there was one clue in there that helped unlock everything that followed. After hours in the British Museum, I went to explain... TWITTER: http://twitter.com/tomscott FACEBOOK: http://twitter.com/tomscott INSTAGRAM: TWITTER: http://instagram.com/tomscottgo
Views: 598447 Tom Scott
Why Snow and Confetti Ruin YouTube Video Quality
 
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Your sports team wins. The confetti drops. And suddenly, the video quality falls apart. Why? Let's talk about interframe compression, bitrate, and unnecessary green screen effects. I'm at https://tomscott.com on Twitter at http://twitter.com/tomscott on Facebook at http://facebook.com/tomscott and on Instagram as @tomscottgo You might also like: How Green Screen Worked Before Computers: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=msPCQgRPPjI This uses one Creative Commons by-attribution photo, "Sony Trinitron" by Antífama, available here: http://flic.kr/p/6DBMYn
Views: 2899743 Tom Scott
Lies on the London Underground
 
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Tom Scott (http://tomscott.com @tomscott) and Matt Parker (http://standupmaths.com @standupmaths) investigate some of the London Underground's greatest lies.
Views: 1377995 Tom Scott
Arson as a Christmas Tradition: The Gävle Goat
 
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In Gävle, Sweden, every year they build Gävlebocken, an enormous traditional Swedish Christmas straw goat. And every year, someone tries to burn it down. Here's to holiday traditions. THANKS TO: Axel Wickman, @axelwickm on Twitter, for the post-burning photos of the goat from this morning! I'm at http://tomscott.com on Twitter at http://twitter.com/tomscott on Facebook at http://facebook.com/tomscott and on Instagram and Snapchat as tomscottgo
Views: 554378 Tom Scott
The Most Dangerous Stretch of Water in the World: The Strid at Bolton Abbey, Yorkshire
 
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I know, I know, it's a clickbait title. But I stand by it, because the water is so deceptive, and so pretty, and there's a path that leads straight down to it and that jump looks very, very possible... The 12th century legend is the "Boy of Egremont", immortalised in poetry by the famous William Wordsworth. His "The Force of Prayer" is about the Strid and the Boy of Egremont, and the full text is here: http://www.bartleby.com/145/ww342.html Also, I need to make one correction: I say "a hundred metres upstream", but that shot's actually about that far downstream. I couldn't fix that in post, but since the river's basically the same for a mile or so in each direction with no significant confluences, it's a small enough slip that I don't think it's too bad. The amount of water is the same! I'm at https://tomscott.com/ on Facebook at http://facebook.com/tomscott on Twitter at http://twitter.com/tomscott and on Instagram as tomscottgo
Views: 1935058 Tom Scott
The US-Canada Border Splits This Road Down The Middle
 
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Rue Canusa (or Canusa Avenue) is a street that's split in two by a border: the northern part is in Stanstead, Canada, and the southern part is in Derby Line, USA — and border crossings here aren't as easy as they used to be. Edited by Michelle Martin (@mrsmmartin) I'm at http://tomscott.com on Twitter at http://twitter.com/tomscott on Facebook at http://facebook.com/tomscott and on Snapchat and Instagram as tomscottgo
Views: 1097656 Tom Scott
The Bizarre Plan to Drain the Mediterranean: Atlantropa
 
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Herman Sörgel wanted to create the largest civil engineering project the world has ever seen: a colossal dam across the Strait of Gibraltar, lowering the Mediterranean sea. There were, of course, a few problems with this. VFX by David 'Hoolopee' Post (http://youtube.com/hoolopee) Camera by Paul Curry (@cr3) I'm at http://tomscott.com on Facebook at http://facebook.com/tomscott on Twitter at http://twitter.com/tomscott and on Snapchat and Instagram as tomscottgo
Views: 1235174 Tom Scott
How Computers Compress Text: Huffman Coding and Huffman Trees
 
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Computers store text (or, at least, English text) as eight bits per character. There are plenty of more efficient ways that could work: so why don't we use them? And how can we fit more text into less space? Let's talk about Huffman coding, Huffman trees, and Will Smith. Thanks to the Cambridge Centre for Computing History: http://www.computinghistory.org.uk/ Thanks to Chris Hanel at Support Class for the graphics: http://supportclass.net Filmed by Tomek: https://youtube.com/tomek And thanks to my proofreading team! I'm at http://tomscott.com on Twitter at http://twitter.com/tomscott on Facebook at http://facebook.com/tomscott and on Snapchat and Instagram as tomscottgo
Views: 594713 Tom Scott
YouTube Doesn't Know Your Password
 
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http://tomscott.com - @tomscott - A brief introduction to password hashing for the uninitiated -- and why you should never trust a site that emails your password back to you!
Views: 815065 Tom Scott
The World's Most Famous Teapot: The Utah Teapot
 
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At the Computer History Museum, in Mountain View, California, there sits a small teapot. It's the world's most famous teapot, after a computer graphics researcher called Martin Newell digitised it. You've probably seen it: here's its story. And thanks to the Computer History Museum in Mountain View, California: you can visit them online here: http://www.computerhistory.org/ I'm at http://www.tomscott.com/ on Facebook at http://facebook.com/tomscott on Twitter at http://twitter.com/tomscott and on Instagram and Snapchat as tomscottgo
Views: 669165 Tom Scott
The Shellshock Bug In About Four Minutes
 
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Remember Heartbleed? Well, this is probably worse. Here's a (somewhat simplified) explanation of what Shellshock actually is. Don't worry: I haven't included instructions on how to actually exploit it. The moral of the story is: keep your security patches up to date!
Views: 725878 Tom Scott
The Man Who Set Up His Own Toll Road, Without Permission
 
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http://tomscott.com - @tomscott - Welcome to the Kelston Toll Road: Fed up with a 14-mile diversion caused by a landslip, businessman Mike Watts has taken a £300,000 risk and set up his own private toll road. It costs £2 for cars to travel the 400 metres -- which is slightly less than the cost of the petrol to take the detour. And the odd thing is this: despite the Kelston Toll Road not being approved by the local council, Mike is still on the right side of the law. Many thanks to Mike Watts and the team at the Kelston Toll Road: they can be found on Twitter at @KelstonTollRoad and, obviously, between Bath and Kelston on the A431!
Views: 1290998 Tom Scott
The Image That Can Break Your Brain
 
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http://tomscott.com - @tomscott - Things that can hurt you just by looking at them are science fiction and fantasy, right? Well, not quite. Inside Walt Disney World, home of the most terrible earworm known to humanity, I talk about the McCollough Effect.
Views: 4431117 Tom Scott
Why European Clocks are Running Slow, and British Clocks Aren't
 
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Many people sent me this story: it covers my favourite topics of power grids and temporal anomalies. But when the mainstream press have already covered it, how could I add something more? The answer: by adding another pet topic, Unnecessary British Patriotism. And a teasmade. Press release: https://www.entsoe.eu/news-events/announcements/announcements-archive/Pages/News/2018-03-06-press-release-continuing-frequency-deviation-in-the-continental-european-power-system.aspx Teasmade: http://amzn.to/2oYrvxb [aff. link] Update, April 8th 2018: they fixed the dispute, and ran the grid at 50.01Hz for a few weeks: https://arstechnica.com/tech-policy/2018/04/european-grid-dispute-resolved-lost-6-minutes-returned-to-oven-clocks/ If you liked this, you may also like the video I made on how engineers keep the grid stable, and why it's getting more difficult: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5uz6xOFWi4A Audio mix by Matt Gray: http://mattg.co.uk I'm at http://tomscott.com on Twitter at http://twitter.com/tomscott on Facebook at http://facebook.com/tomscott and on Snapchat and Instagram as tomscottgo
Views: 774233 Tom Scott
The Sightlines of London
 
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http://tomscott.com - http://twitter.com/tomscott - There's a strange avenue of trees in Richmond Park, ten miles from St Paul's Cathedral; and an odd, wedge-shaped skyscraper in the city. At the New London Model, at the NLA Galleries at the Building Centre, I explain both of these. London is going vertical: but there are quite a few places where tall buildings aren't allowed, and here's why. Thanks to Dan W on camera, and to the team at the New London Model!
Views: 426277 Tom Scott
The Secret Underground Pipeline Across Britain
 
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http://tomscott.com - http://twitter.com/tomscott - On a windy day in Gloucestershire, I find one of the few parts of the once top-secret GPSS aviation fuel pipeline (now called CLH-PS after privatisation) that pokes above ground, and explore the balance between secrecy and safety.
Views: 992164 Tom Scott
Will YouTube Ever Run Out Of Video IDs?
 
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In the URL of each YouTube video is the 11-character video ID, unique for each video. Can they ever run out? Just how many videos can YouTube handle? To work it out, we need to talk about counting systems, and about something called Base 64. Want to know how the single camera shot was done? "Matt Bought a DJI Osmo and It's Surprisingly Good" is today's video over on the Park Bench: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Dyy41yAs8nc I'm at https://tomscott.com/ or on Twitter at http://twitter.com/tomscott or on Facebook at http://facebook.com/tomscott or on Instagram as tomscottgo. Filmed by Matt Gray, who's at http://mattg.co.uk or @unnamedculprit on basically everything everywhere.
Views: 1790032 Tom Scott
How The First Ever Telecoms Scam Worked
 
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In the 1830s, two French brothers, François and Joseph Blanc, pulled off the first telecoms scam in history. The optical telegraph, a line of semaphore towers stretching from hilltop to hilltop, was for government use only: but something as simple as the law wasn't going to get in their way. Thanks to Victoria Harrison for all her research and translation skills! Pictures of the original documents are uploaded here: https://drive.google.com/drive/folders/1xik-sJZMUf9GRNCAu7m7amQMZ7Mos1HM?usp=sharing CG effects by Mat Hill: http://mat-hill.com/ I'm at http://tomscott.com on Twitter at http://twitter.com/tomscott on Facebook at http://facebook.com/tomscott and on Instagram as tomscottgo
Views: 425844 Tom Scott
The Toxic Blue Lagoon of Buxton
 
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http://tomscott.com - http://twitter.com/tomscott - In a disused quarry at Harpur Hill, near Buxton, there's a bright blue lagoon. It looks like a perfect place to cool off in summer. And it is, if you enjoy skin irritation and fungal infections. But the strange thing is: I arrived expecting to find it black, not blue... Why do I talk about dark and lonely water, and about fools ignoring signs? Watch this, which terrified the children of 1973: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XNPMYRlvySY Thanks to Chris Dymond, who was my camera operator for this trip to Sheffield, and who also gave me a lift out to the middle of the Peak District to film the place!
Views: 851839 Tom Scott
The Human-Powered, Giant Theme Park Playground: Ai Pioppi
 
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http://tomscott.com - http://twitter.com/tomscott - pull down for details of Ai Pioppi! In the foothills of the Dolomites, an hour or so north of Venice, lies Ai Pioppi, a restaurant that's home to an astonishing, giant, human-powered, kinetic-art theme park playground. It was designed and made by a man called Bruno over forty years, and it's free for folks who eat at the restaurant. I'll be honest: I sort of thought it was a myth. The idea of unattended, huge kinetic ride-on sculptures was surely false? There was some evidence: a very artfully-shot documentary, and some shaky tourist footage, but I couldn't quite believe that something this potentially dangerous could still exist. So on Easter weekend, when it was quiet, Paul (@cr3) and I took a road trip to try it. And it's real. It's very, very real. Watch as we try and take a somersault on the Bicycle of Death. And if you don't take the right amount of caution, it can hurt you -- although my eventual injury didn't come through any rides, but just by tripping over by running! AI PIOPPI: http://www.aipioppi.com/ Opening hours vary, closed most weekdays and all winter, check before travelling Via VIII Armata, 76, Nervesa della Battaglia TV, Italy Thank you so much to everyone at Ai Pioppi: I'm sorry for bleeding on your ride, and for pronouncing your restaurant's name terribly. Thanks to Paul, who drove me to the hospital; thanks to the doctors and nurses at Treviso Hospital, too. And Europeans: remember to take an EHIC card on holiday around Europe, so your healthcare travels with you. I didn't have to pay a penny or deal with travel insurance! And more than that: if you do go, and I recommend you do if you're ever anywhere near it: TAKE CARE. Even when you're on an adrenaline high and you think you're invincible. I wasn't. You won't be either. Hospital visits in a foreign language aren't fun!
Views: 2623233 Tom Scott
The Centuries-Old Debt That's Still Paying Interest
 
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In the archives of Yale University, there's a 367-year-old bond from the water authority of Lekdijk Bovendams, in the Netherlands. And it's still paying interest. Thanks to: Prof. Geert Rouwenhorst for his time and explanation All the team at the Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library Michelle Martin (@mrsmmartin) for editing the interview and Leendert van Egmond for telling me about the bond! I'm at http://tomscott.com on Twitter at http://twitter.com/tomscott on Facebook at http://facebook.com/tomscott and on Snapchat and Instagram as tomscottgo
Views: 1492949 Tom Scott
Why The YouTube Algorithm Will Always Be A Mystery
 
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The mysterious YouTube algorithm. It's confused people for years, and will continue to do so. So why isn't YouTube more transparent? It used to be that they wouldn't tell anyone how it works - but now, it's that they can't. Let's talk about deep learning algorithms, neural networks, and search engine optimisation. CREDITS: Thanks to animator Matt Ley for the wonderful cartoon of me: https://www.youtube.com/user/Thelaserbearguy I put this together in three days, plus a day of checking and proofing, in Adobe After Effects. It took about eight hours to render, but that's because every frame has keying, lighting, camera, and motion blur effects, and because the original footage of me was in 4.6k lossless. Yes, the sound of the black box working is the sound of a microwave (it's the one in my kitchen). Also, those aren't faked desktop screenshots, I had to install a copy of Windows ME to make this. SOURCES: "Deep Neural Networks for YouTube Recommendations", https://research.google.com/pubs/archive/45530.pdf [PDF] — some people are saying this link 404s, but it works for me? Search for the title and you'll find it. There's a good layperson summary of the paper here: http://www.tubefilter.com/2017/02/16/youtube-algorithm-reverse-engineering-part-ii/ The Defamation Act is published under the Open Government License 3.0: http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/doc/open-government-licence/version/3/ and is available at http://www.legislation.gov.uk/ukpga/2013/26/contents/enacted The music in the cartoon section is called 'Ukulele Beach', and it's in the YouTube audio library. REFERENCES: There are a lot of references and in-jokes in here, and hopefully people will spot most of them in the comments. But if anyone wants confirmation: yes, there are references to Billy Joel, Aqua, a He-Man remix, and Elton John. The last one's pretty obscure, well done to you at home if you got that. VFX breakdown and references explained: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6s9aGt2Lkgw ABOUT ME: I'm at http://tomscott.com on Twitter at http://twitter.com/tomscott on Facebook at http://facebook.com/tomscott and on Snapchat and Instagram as tomscottgo
Views: 836370 Tom Scott
Wheels, Bombs, and Perpetual Motion Machines
 
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This is a collaboration with the Royal Institution! Go check out their video here: https://youtu.be/sScrtGdKmho -- Perpetual motion machines are badly named. And impossible. But that hasn't stopped a lot of people trying to build them. Sure, you could try and argue physics: but there's a more common-sense reason why free energy's not coming any time soon. I'm at http://www.tomscott.com on Twitter at http://twitter.com/tomscott on Facebook at http://facebook.com/tomscott and on Instagram and Snapchat as tomscottgo
Views: 768538 Tom Scott
Why Britain Uses Separate Hot and Cold Taps
 
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http://tomscott.com - @tomscott - Why don't we use mixer taps? I've talked about the British plug before, and how it's a wonderful design: British plumbing, on the other hand, still leaves a lot to be desired.
Views: 3131999 Tom Scott
Why Sci-Fi Alien Planets Look The Same: Hollywood's Thirty-Mile Zone
 
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There's a reason that a lot of planets in American science fiction look the same: they're all filmed in the same places. But why those particular locations? It's about money, about union rules, and about the thirty-mile zone -- or as it's otherwise known, the TMZ. Wikipedia on Vasquez Rocks: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_productions_using_the_Vasquez_Rocks_as_a_filming_location Camera: Matt Gray http://www.mattg.co.uk/ I'm at http://tomscott.com on Twitter at http://twitter.com/tomscott on Facebook at http://facebook.com/tomscott and on Snapchat and Instagram as tomscottgo
Views: 812875 Tom Scott
Fail-Safe vs. Fail-Deadly (with Colin Furze)
 
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http://tomscott.com - http://twitter.com/tomscott WITH THANKS TO: Colin Furze - http://youtube.com/colinfurze - for letting me try his Magneto shoes, and Matt Gray - http://mattg.co.uk - on camera! "Fail-safe" doesn't mean "we have a backup", it means "if this fails, nobody gets hurt". So I went to see the master of inventions that aren't failsafe, Colin Furze, for a more visual demonstration.
Views: 531999 Tom Scott
ᑖᒻ ᔅᑳᑦ and ᖃᓂᐅᔮᖅᐸᐃᑦ
 
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Inuktitut syllabics are brilliant. A writing system that's not an alphabet, but something really clever: an abugida, one designed from scratch for a language very unlike anything European. [Pull down the description!] Context and history: https://www.noslangues-ourlanguages.gc.ca/collaborateurs-contributors/articles/inuk-eng.html https://thediscoverblog.com/2015/06/11/aboriginal-syllabic-scripts/ I'm here because of Chris Hadfield's Generator Arctic - go check out everyone else who was on the trip, and have a look at tickets for their show at Massey Hall, Toronto, on November 12th! http://generatorevent.com Thanks to Kataisee Attagutsiak (ᑲᑕᐃᓯ ᐊᑕᒍᑦᓯᐊᖅ) for proofreading this script! She helped put Inuktitut into Unicode, so she's something of a language hero. The fellow travellers at the end are Norm and Joey from Tested, who'll put together videos from inside the ship! http://www.youtube.com/user/testedcom Also on the voyage: Ben Brown - https://www.youtube.com/user/benbrown100 - who's been putting out daily vlogs of his experiences! TimToTheWild, who's putting together beautiful footage: https://www.youtube.com/user/TimtotheWild Elmo Keep is writing about the people we met: http://twitter.com/elmo_keep PLUS: These folks took incredible photos: Vivienne Gucwa: https://www.instagram.com/travelinglens/ Paul Colangelo: https://www.instagram.com/paulcolangelo/ Simone Bramante: https://www.instagram.com/brahmino/ AND: writing an album on board, singer-songwriter Danny Michel: https://www.youtube.com/user/dannymichel I'm at http://www.tomscott.com/ on Twitter at http://twitter.com/tomscott on Facebook at http://facebook.com/tomscott and on Snapchat and Instagram as @tomscottgo
Views: 1003504 Tom Scott
The Man Who Invented, Then Hated, Shopping Malls
 
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Victor Gruen is, according to history, the man who invented the shopping mall... but that wasn't quite what he was aiming for. And it seemed like an appropriate day to do a video about suburban sprawl -- happy Independence Day, America! I'm at http://tomscott.com on Facebook at http://facebook.com/tomscott on Twitter at http://twitter.com/tomscott and on Instagram and Snapchat as tomscottgo
Views: 644622 Tom Scott
Archimedes and a Boat Lift: the Falkirk Wheel
 
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http://tomscott.com - http://twitter.com/tomscott - The Falkirk Wheel sits between Edinburgh and Glasgow, in the southern parts of Scotland, and it's the world's only rotating boat lift. There's some very clever design going on here -- and some physics that goes all the way back to Ancient Greece.
Views: 567119 Tom Scott
Why Britain Sucks At Product Placement
 
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Britain has some of the strongest product placement rules in the world - and it means YouTube vloggers have to declare their advertising before you click on the video. Why? And what did it mean for our version of The Price is Right? Thank you to Rob (http://twitter.com/readwriteerase) for stepping in as camera operator at the very last moment, despite the terrible weather and his being a bit ill! SEE MORE OVER ON THE PARK BENCH: 18 minutes of Matt and Tom talking about the economics of YouTube, and why there isn't a Patreon link here: https://youtu.be/w04WmOzK4UY
Views: 1559524 Tom Scott
Long and Short Words: Language Typology
 
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Some languages have longer words than others -- but that's not just a simple choice. There's a lot of different ways to mix up morphemes, even if they all mean the same thing in the end. Written with GRETCHEN MCCULLOCH: http://gretchenmcculloch.com - http://twitter.com/GretchenAMcC More from Gretchen at ALL THINGS LINGUISTIC: http://allthingslinguistic.com - http://twitter.com/AllThingsLing BONUS LINK: Typology illustrations! http://allthingslinguistic.com/post/50939757945/morphological-typology-illustrations-from Directed by MATT GRAY: http://mattg.co.uk - http://twitter.com/unnamedculprit And more from me: http://tomscott.com - http://twitter.com/tomscott
Views: 480706 Tom Scott
The Problem With Renewable Energy (and how we're fixing it)
 
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( This isn't a sponsored video, but I am massively grateful to all the team at SSE! Go look: http://sse.com/whatwedo/ourprojectsandassets/ , and pull down the description for more. ) As the world switches to renewable energy - and we are switching - there's a problem you might not expect: balancing the grid. Rotational mass and system inertia are the things that keep your lights from flickering: and they only appear in big, old, traditional power stations. Here's why that's a problem, and how we're likely going to fix it. Thanks to all the team at SSE! FULL DISCLOSURE: This is not a sponsored video, no money has changed hands, and SSE did not have editorial control. But they did go out of their way to arrange access and support for me and my team, including giving us safety training for working at heights. I am incredibly grateful to all the team: Paul and Ed for arranging it all; Bob and Scott who helped us at the turbine; and Calum, Head of Operations, who was keeping an eye on safety throughout. GO LOOK AT SSE: http://sse.com/whatwedo/ourprojectsandassets/ http://sse.com/whatwedo/wholesale/ http://sse.com/griffin The drone footage is from Cyberhawk, http://www.thecyberhawk.com: they normally do turbine inspections and land surveying, so I'd like to thank them for getting some artistic shots for us too! And finally, my camera operator was Paul Curry, @cr3, who's written a more experiential post with photos for Buzzfeed: https://www.buzzfeed.com/paulcurry/we-are-both-big-fans-of-electricity I'm at http://tomscott.com on Twitter at http://twitter.com/tomscott on Facebook at http://facebook.com/tomscott and on Instagram and Snapchat as tomscottgo
Views: 831892 Tom Scott
Testing The Sound Mirrors That Protected Britain
 
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Over on the RAF Starrship channel, I'm talking about the history of radar: https://youtu.be/VDC_RCh0ws8 - but over here, we're testing a 90-year-old piece of technology that was meant to be part of Britain's air defence. The Sound Mirrors, on Romney Marsh, were built in the late 1920s as a way to amplify the sound from aircraft engines over the English Channel. We're flying a bit closer than that, with a drone. STARRSHIP: Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/starrshiphope/ Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/starrshiphope/ Twitter: https://twitter.com/starrshiphope Website: http://starrship.space/ I'm at http://tomscott.com on Twitter at http://twitter.com/tomscott on Facebook at http://facebook.com/tomscott and on Snapchat and Instagram as tomscottgo
Views: 439535 Tom Scott
Fallout Shelters and Zurich's Water: Swiss Resilience
 
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Switzerland has a reputation for being... not paranoid, exactly, but certainly careful with their own safety. Zurich exemplifies this: not just with its fallout shelters, but with an entire backup water system. Just in case the world ends. SOURCE (in German): https://www.stadt-zuerich.ch/dib/de/index/wasserversorgung/brunnen/Notwasserbrunnen.html I'm at http://tomscott.com on Twitter at http://twitter.com/tomscott on Facebook at http://facebook.com/tomscott and on Snapchat and Instagram as tomscottgo
Views: 513772 Tom Scott
Unexploded Bombs off the British Coast: the SS Richard Montgomery
 
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BONUS PARK BENCH: https://youtu.be/AhqNMb0fOJU -- In the Thames Estuary, near a town called Sheerness, a few dozen miles east of London, lies a World War 2 shipwreck that contains over 1,000 tonnes of unexploded bombs. Is it a risk to the area? Or is it just an interesting historical artifact? The trouble is, no-one's quite sure... I'm at https://www.tomscott.com/ On Twitter at https://twitter.com/tomscott On Facebook at https://facebook.com/tomscott and on Instagram as @tomscottgo Thanks to Matt Gray for the incredible camerawork: he's at http://mattg.co.uk or @unnamedculprit on basically every social network. And thanks to Maxim Harper, @maximharper on Twitter, for tipping me off to this in the first place!
Views: 593309 Tom Scott
The Magic Roundabout: Swindon's Terrifying Traffic Circle and Emergent Behaviour
 
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http://tomscott.com - http://twitter.com/tomscott - Despite its reputation as being a Traffic Circle of Hell, Swindon's Magic Roundabout -- like the couple of other "ring junctions" in the UK -- is a triumph of road design. Here's why it works so well. For more information on this, its small number of siblings across the country, and why popular opinion's still against it, have a look at its CBRD entry: http://www.cbrd.co.uk/articles/the-magic-roundabout/
Views: 791192 Tom Scott
So You've Learned To Teleport
 
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http://tomscott.com - http://twitter.com/tomscott - A guide for the newly empowered, courtesy of the Superhero Help Academic Foundation Trust, Education Division. Sure, you could jump a few places and fight crime: or you could take over the world. Thanks to YouTube Space London, who offered me time on their science lab set -- and thanks to Matt Gray (http://mattg.co.uk - @unnamedculprit) who directed the shots! Oh, and if you want to see teleportation in fiction done well, have a look at Steven Gould's Jumper series -- the later books really start playing around with physics in fun ways, like building a... well, I'll leave that for you to read. (Amazon UK affiliate cash-in link: http://amzn.to/1gYOEZx )
Views: 1146223 Tom Scott
Why You Swear in Anglo-Saxon and Order Fancy Food in French: Registers
 
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http://tomscott.com - @tomscott - Why is an "odour" classier than a "smell"? Why is a "beverage" fancier than a "drink"? The answer lies in English history - and in the way we automatically know which 'register' of language to use. (Includes bonus medieval advice for constipation!)
Views: 635438 Tom Scott
The Weirdest Bridge in Wales: The Newport Transporter Bridge
 
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http://tomscott.com - http://twitter.com/tomscott - There are only a few transporter bridges still working in the world. What are they for? Why weren't there more of them? And why don't we build them any more? Those answers and more, from an unsettlingly high position fifty metres above the River Usk. BONUS CLIP: Me, terrified, walking across the bridge! http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Wlsj9GUlHH8
Views: 478671 Tom Scott
Crash Blossoms and Being Drunk: Ambiguity
 
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One comma can make a lot of difference. Language is ambiguous -- but in some very specific ways. Here's how. Written with GRETCHEN MCCULLOCH: http://gretchenmcculloch.com - http://twitter.com/GretchenAMcC More from Gretchen at ALL THINGS LINGUISTIC: http://allthingslinguistic.com - http://twitter.com/AllThingsLing BONUS LINK: Garden Path Sentence Shirts: http://allthingslinguistic.com/post/118396390957/garden-path-sentence-shirts-a-story Directed by MATT GRAY: http://mattg.co.uk - http://twitter.com/unnamedculprit And more from me: http://tomscott.com - http://twitter.com/tomscott
Views: 397292 Tom Scott
Danger: Humans
 
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http://tomscott.com - @tomscott - A message from the Interstellar Safety Council. What if the rest of the universe wasn't built on "survival of the fittest"? The post and discussion that inspired this: http://bogleech.tumblr.com/post/56211923819/its-funny-how-science-fiction-universes-so-often
Views: 1506736 Tom Scott
Making an International Standard Cup of Tea
 
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As far as I can find, no-one has actually made a International Standard Cup of Tea - ISO 3103 or BS 6008 - for the internet before. Lots of people have talked about it, but that's easy. Making one? That requires precision... and some specialist equipment. You can buy a professional tea tasting set from this Amazon UK affiliate link: https://amzn.to/2qfbxyr Thanks to Morag Hickman for letting me borrow her workshop for last-minute filming! She makes beautiful jewellery, like ring-keepers, dragon necklaces and rings that looks like ocean waves: https://etsy.com/shop/Errant Update: someone has found an earlier ISO cup of tea on the internet, as part of a German video on tea tasting: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=utwwkNkNgiM I'm at http://tomscott.com on Twitter at http://twitter.com/tomscott on Facebook at http://facebook.com/tomscott and on Snapchat and Instagram as tomscottgo
Views: 532222 Tom Scott
The 400,000,000-Year Link Between Scotland and Canada
 
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http://tomscott.com - http://twitter.com/tomscott - Back in the Caledonian orogeny, 400 million years ago, two bits of the Earth's crust began to collide. The result, a long time later, was the Central Pangaean Mountains: and now, you can find their remnants all over the globe.
Views: 362176 Tom Scott
Why You Can Tweet More In Japanese: What Counts As A Character?
 
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http://tomscott.com/ - @tomscott - Twitter was set up to support 140 characters. And in the English alphabet, that's easy to understand: a character is a letter, number, space or punctuation mark. People more or less agree with computers there. And if it was twenty years ago, that's exactly how the system would work. That far, no further. But now, we have Unicode.
Views: 617714 Tom Scott

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